About the BookNineteen Eighty-Four is a dystopian fiction portraying a society ruled by an oligarchical dictatorship. The Oceanian province of Airstrip One is a world of perpetual war, through government surveillance and continuous public mind control. Oceania is ruled by a political party, simply called the Party. The individual is always subordinated to the state, and this philosophy allows the Party to manipulate and control humanity. In the Ministry of Truth, protagonist Winston Smith is a civil servant responsible for perpetuating the Party’s propaganda by revising historical records to render the Party omniscient and always correct. Notwithstanding, his meager existence disillusions him to the point of seeking rebellion against Big Brother.
It can be regarded as a literary political fiction. The novel has been translated into more than 70 languages. In 1998, the Modern Library ranked Nineteen Eighty-Four 13th on its List of Best 20th Century Novels in English.About the Author/sGeorge Orwell, the great essayist, novelist and journalist, was the pen-name of Eric Arthur Blair. His works are concerned with the socio-political conditions of his time, chiefly with the problem of human freedom. His plain colloquial style made him highly effective as pamphleteer and journalist. Orwell received far and wide reputation and recognition not only for his political shrewdness and sharp satires but also for his marvelously clear style and his essays, which rank with the best ever written.