About the BookGandhian thought can be evaluated in two perspectives. One is what Gandhi basically stands for. He distrusted industrialism and had the courage to decry industrialization with mass production even when it was at its peak. In that spirit Gandhian view of Human Society is an alternative to modern Industrial Society.
In the other perspective, Gandhian thought is evaluated in terms of the needs and requirements of the existing society and an attempt is made to reinterpret it to suit those requirements. In this endeavour, the basic spirit of Gandhian ideals, very often, is sacrificed or compromised.
The present book Gandhian Theory of Social Reconstruction analyses Gandhian thought in the first perspective and thereby provides a rational and viable framework of Post-Industrial Human Society after Gandhian ideals.
It first establishes that there is the need to find an alternative to Industrial Society and that the alternative could be based on spirituality. The concept of spirituality is discussed here in secular and sociological terms avoiding all jargons of various religions and philosophy.
Further, the book propounds a new unconventional classification of human motivation encompassing the entire gamut of motivational urge.
It also introduces the concept of Soul Force as a new dimension to the realms of theory and practice of social reconstruction. This is based on the awakening of the soul to its potential or force that gives strength to the individual at least to uphold one’s dignity and self-respect which are being violated in the present society whether of the West or of the East. For creating and sustaining Soul Force, this theory provides appropriate instruments and methods.
The book also outlines the constitution of a Non-Violent Society incorporating such ingredients as may lead to the emergence of a non-violent and spiritual social order. The book then goes on to discuss the method of Non-Violent Action in the manner of a process as a Gandhian technique for conflict resolution, fighting against social injustice and exploitation and rebuilding the New Society.
One may ridicule the theory as utopian. But the goals should always be set on the highest side even though they may never be realized in their completeness. One should constantly try to reach them as high as possible to the best of one’s capacity. The goals should never be set on the lower level.
This book opens up many new vistas for research and joins the current debate in political and economic fields on social reconstruction going on since the Second World War and more so after the collapse of communism in Soviet Russia and the 9/11 events that have agitated the human conscience.About the Author/sParmeshwari Dayal, Ph.D. in Social Work, is a retired Professor and Head of the Department of Social Work and a former Director of the Centre for Postgraduate Studies in Rural Management, Gujarat Vidyapith, Ahmedabad. Earlier he taught at Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi. A great number of students have obtained Ph.D. degree under his guidance. He has directed research projects sponsored by Indian Council of Social Science Research [ICSSR], New Delhi and Ministry of Social Welfare, Government of India.
Dr Dayal’s experience of working at Gandhian Institutes of national and international repute as well as at Khadi Gramudyog Vidyalaya, Wardha, has greatly contributed in his writing work. He has to his credit two books — Gandhian Approach to Social Work and Aftermath of War — which received overwhelming response. In addition to these, several of his articles on current issues have been published in Indian journals of repute. He is an acknowledged social scientist of India.