About the BookConstructivism is a theory of knowledge, based on observation and scientific study of how people learn. It states that people construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences. When we encounter something new, we have to reconcile it with our previous ideas and experiences, either changing what we believe, or discarding the new information as irrelevant. In any case, we are active creators of our own knowledge. Because all learning is filtered through our pre-existing knowledge, constructivists suggest that learning is more effective when a student is actively engaged in the learning process rather than attempting to receive knowledge passively.
The book explains the need for constructivism and answers various questions regarding the justification of epistemological and logistic evolution of constructivism. It studies various pathways in constructivism and how they facilitate acquisition of knowledge in different domains.
Conceptual changes in the basic process of constructivism, and concept map and constructivism, have been dealt with in exclusive chapters. A learner-centered input-output model and some important teaching models along with the respective frameworks thereof have been explained with examples. Various roles of a teacher—guide, facilitator, innovator, negotiator, catalyst, experimenter, and a researcher—have been explained. Paradigm shifts in learning processes, from behaviourism to cognitivism, and now to constructivism, have also been taken up.
Constructivist thinking has been adopted in diverse fields like art, communication, ethnology, industrial management, law, and linguistics, among many others. This has led to the generation of a large amount of research-based data bringing a greater understanding of the attributes of learners, the process of learning, and the general problems associated with teaching-learning. These developments have also been explicated.
The book will be useful for teachers, teacher-educators, curriculum framers, textbook authors, students, and researchers in the field.
About the Author/sProf. J.K. Mohapatra, a gold medallist in M.Sc. (Physics) from Utkal University, served as Lecturer in Physics in a State college, before joining National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT). He was posted as a Lecturer in Physics at Regional Institute of Education, (RIE) Bhubaneswar, from where he retired as Professor and Dean in 2001.
Dr. Mohapatra was awarded Ph.D. in Physics, and D.Litt. in Education by Utkal University. He visited King’s College, London as British Council Fellow in Science Education. He also visited RECSAM, Penam, Malaysia as an UNESCO expert in Science Education. In addition to contributing more than 70 research papers in reputed national and international journals, Dr. Mohapatra has co-authored one book, New Dimensions of Science Curriculum (Commonwealth Publishers, New Delhi). He has also been guiding research in Physics and Science Education.
Dr. Mrs. M. Mahapatra did her M.Sc. and M.Phil. in Physics from Delhi University, and Ph.D. in Science Education from Utkal University. She also holds a PG Diploma in Higher Education, and has submitted her thesis for D.Litt.
Mrs. Mahapatra joined NCERT in 1985 as a Lecturer in Physics and was posted at RIE Bhubaneswar, where she is presently working as Associate Professor.
Dr. B.K. Parida, M.Sc. (Physics) from IIT Kharagpur, and Ph.D. in Physics from Utkal University, has obtained Diploma in Advanced Physics from Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar. He has also received PG Diplomas in Higher Education, Distance Education as well as M.A. in Distance Education from IGNOU.
Dr. Parida at present is working as Professor of Physics and Dean of Instructions at RIE, Bhubaneswar.